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亚马逊云账号(www.2km.me)_Asean must step up \u2013 or fade into insignificance

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THE 38th and 39th Asean Summits this week are a watershed moment for Asean to re-affirm its commitment to human rights.

Asean made a necessary, some would say bold, decision to exclude Myanmar’s Senior General Min Aung Hlaing from the summit due to the almost total absence of progress on the Five Point Consensus that was agreed to at the April Asean Leaders’ Meeting in Brunei.

As its leaders deliberate the next steps to effectively engage Myanmar, Asean must also not blunder the opportunity to discuss a renewed regional strategy for Rohingya refugees across the region, one that recognises that safe, voluntary and dignified repatriation is simply not feasible given the current crisis in Myanmar.

The decision not to include Min Aung Hlaing at this week’s summits was the right one, and Asean should maintain, if not increase the pressure on Myanmar. At the same time, Asean must continue to push for the implementation of recommendations from the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State chaired by former UN secretary-general Kofi Annan.

In fact, to prove it is still a credible entity, Asean must go even further – it must acknowledge that most Rohingya will be unable to return to Myanmar for the foreseeable future, and discuss coordinated approaches for ensuring their protection until such a time that repatriation is possible. 

It is almost nine months since the coup in Myanmar, and with no end to the instability in sight, it is time Asean and the international community step up and pursue a real solution to the long-term displacement of Rohingya refugees. 

In the past, Asean and the international community have insisted on the swift, voluntary return of the Rohingya to Myanmar. A long time has passed since and the outside world’s “insistence” has obscured candid assessments of their plight and also discouraged consideration of alternatives that could better serve refugees and host countries – including in Malaysia.

As a result, policymakers in the region have avoided giving serious attention to arrangements that would grant Rohingya access to formal employment, lawful immigration status and access to basic services, such as education and healthcare in their temporary host countries. 

With only two of ten Member States party to the 1951 Refugee Convention, Asean has long focused on voluntary repatriation as the only ‘durable solution’ for the vast majority of Rohingya refugees in the region. Thus, the “aspirations” for the speedy return of Rohingya refugees have never been realistic. 

While most Rohingya have expressed a desire to return to their homeland in Myanmar’s Rakhine State, they want assurances that they will be protected and have equal access to the rights and benefits belonging to citizens. None of those assurances are any closer to being granted – years after this human catastrophe commenced.

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