,Limited damage: Shipping containers sit stacked in Uiwang. Exports have rallied, business confidence has strengthened and optimism prevails among consumers in South Korea as vaccination picks up. ― Bloomberg
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SEOUL: South Korea raised interest rates yesterday, becoming the first major Asian economy to start exiting record-low borrowing costs as financial risks are seen to pose a bigger threat to the economy than the latest virus wave.
In a statement released after a quarter-percentage-point hike to 0.75%, the Bank of Korea (BoK) said it will “gradually adjust” the degree of support for the economy, taking into account Covid-19 developments, financial imbalances and other factors. The central bank kept its growth forecast for this year unchanged from May, but raised its inflation outlook above target to 2.1%.
The move showed the focus of monetary policy in South Korea had shifted from propping up the economy to curbing a debt-driven asset bubble that risks spiralling out of control. How the BoK’s tightening move affects growth and markets will be closely watched by other central banks seeking to chart a way out of pandemic-era stimulus.
The BoK forecast the economy will expand 4% this year, suggesting it sees limited economic damage from the recent surge in infections and strict curbs on activity. Its step toward normalisation contrasts with the hesitancy of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand to increase borrowing costs last week as the country headed back into a lockdown.
“The BoK just couldn’t wait any longer when it has consistently stressed its focus on household debt and financial imbalances,” said Kim Sanghoon, a fixed-income strategist at KB Securities Co.
“It’s not like the economy is plunging amid the latest virus wave, but household debt is something that can’t be ignored any more.”
Recent data suggested the South Korean economy had largely held up amid a surge in local and global delta cases. Exports have rallied so far in August, business confidence has strengthened and optimism still prevails among consumers. The BoK expects consumption to improve as vaccination picks up and the extra budget offers support, the statement showed.
Meantime, policy makers have become increasingly troubled by the prospect of financial imbalances destabilising the economy, with the presidential chief of staff joining the drumbeat of warnings. Household debt growth is setting new records, adding fuel to an already overheated housing market and other assets.
Rate increases that help rein in asset price gains while leaving the recovery unruffled could help regain some support for president Moon Jae-in’s party if they are seen as dovetailing with government measures. A presidential election is due next spring and unaffordable housing is one of the key factors that has drained support from Moon’s administration.